资料下载 | 2016年度NBS国际BIM报告

NBS International BIM Report 2016

来源 | thenbs.com
翻译 | 陈超

The International picture

‘‘BIM is the first truly global digital construction technology and will soon be deployed in every country in the world. It is a ‘game changer’ and we need to recognise that it is here to stay – but in common with all innovation this presents both risk and opportunity.’’

--Patrick MacLeamy
Chief Executive Officer of HOK HOK首席执行官

Adrian Malleson
Head of Research, Analysis and Forecasting, NBS
NBS 研究,分析与预测主管

In the UK, we have seen a significant increase in the numbers using BIM, and those who are using it tend to report positively on the advantages that it gives. These themes are explored in the NBS National BIM Report.

This report takes an international view. The construction industry is increasingly international, and growth is driven, at least in part, by increasingly sophisticated ways in which information is collaboratively gathered, aggregated, analysed and shared across and between countries. This is where BIM, used internationally, comes in.


Our joint report looks at international BIM through a selection of countries that are at different stages of BIM; it looks at current BIM adoption, the trajectory of change, and the assessment of risk and opportunity that each country sees.
Five countries worked together to gather the findings for this report: the UK, Canada, Denmark, Japan and the Czech Republic. All those who took part have a long history of working together to improve construction information for design professionals through the International Construction Information Society (ICIS).


BIM and the future

Throughout this report, we will see a range of data about BIM, its use and adoption. Before looking at the detail though, one figure is worth highlighting. In all countries, irrespective of BIM maturity, BIM is seen as the future of project information. In every country, more than three quarters of respondents agree that this is the case.


BIM usage and awareness

We asked whether people were aware of BIM. In all countries except one, awareness is over 90%, nearly universal. The exception is the Czech Republic: here awareness is at just over 50%, although we can expect this to rise rapidly, as we have seen in other countries.


BIM adoption is highest in Denmark, and lowest in the Czech Republic. Both Canada and Denmark report a majority using BIM on at least some projects in the previous year. In Japan and the UK, the figure is just under half. These figures suggest that BIM is increasingly becoming the norm for construction information across a range of countries. Indeed, adopting BIM may become a prerequisite for working overseas.

In the two countries that have taken part in this and the previous international survey, the UK and Canada, we can see an appreciable overall increase in the number of BIM users. The UK has moved from 39% in 2013 to 48%. Canada has moved from 64% to 67%.

两个参与了这次调查和之前国际调查的国家,英国与加拿大,都在整体BIM 的使用者数量上有了增加。英国从2013年的39%增长到了48%。加拿大则从64%增加到了67%。
We do need to apply some caution when viewing these figures, however. The figures given above are simply the percentage who tell us that they use BIM. As a country becomes more mature in BIM adoption, the criteria for describing oneself as practicing it may become more demanding.

The survey did not give a definition of BIM, so it’s quite possible that what people understand BIM to be varies somewhat by country. Whilst BIM is increasingly well described in international standards, we must allow for variance of understanding in different countries.

This is borne out by respondents’ views about the clarity of BIM. The graph on the right illustrates, albeit with a significant degree of regional variation, that there is a feeling that the industry is not yet clear enough on BIM.


Future use of BIM

The trend of increased adoption is set to continue. We asked whether people would use BIM in the future. If people’s intentions become professional practice, the next five years will see a very rapid transformation in how information about buildings is created, shared and used. Within five years, all countries expect BIM to be adopted by over 80% of design professionals. The next twelve months will see the most rapid rate of adoption.


Respondents from the Czech Republic take the most measured view, with the increments in adoption being the most evenly distributed across a five year period. In contrast, the UK, Canada and Denmark see the vast bulk of BIM adoption as happening within a three, or even one, year timeframe.


“If people’s intentions become professional practice, the next five years will see a very rapid transformation in how information about buildings is created, shared and used.”

Understanding of BIM

Given the rise of BIM, it’s worth spending a little time looking at people’s understanding of what BIM is, what it isn’t, and how people feel about BIM. There is a strong level of similarity across the countries we surveyed, but some significant differences too.

BIM has some immediate and real uses. BIM can readily be used to render accurate (and at times striking) 3D visualisations of projects. Typically 90% or more are using BIM to produce 3D visualisations. Clash detection is used by more than three quarters of BIM users in all countries.

BIM also allows for more performancebased design practice, where performance analysis informs design decisions and product selection. Performance analysis is widely used, though less so than 3D visualisations and clash detection. Denmark is leading the way here, perhaps informed by its ambitious Climate and Energy Policy: the Danish Government’s target is to reducetotal Danish greenhouse gas emissions by 40% by 2020, compared with the 1990 level. Given that buildings account for 36% of EU greenhouse gas emissions, BIM can make a real contribution here.


BIM is described in many ways, but at heart it is a collaborative way of working, supported by software tools that make information about buildings available and analysable. We wanted to see if this view was shared, or whether people feel that BIM can be identified solely with software or 3D CAD. Across all countries, as the graph shows, it is a minority who feel that BIM can be reduced to a piece of software or a set of 3D CAD drawings.